INTRODUCTION TO SMART CITIES TO IMPROVE DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN SUBSAHARAN AFRICA: THE CASE STUDY OF NGAOUNDÉRÉ CITY (CAMEROON)
The global population is growing rapidly: from 2.5 billion in 1950 to 7.3 billion in 2015. The average growth was about 83 million in 2017. The urban population increased from 30% of the total population in 1950 to 54% in 2016. This strong growth in the urban population results from natural population growth, migration flows and rural exodus. It is accompanied by a strong demand for urban needs in various fields. Spaces that fulfill urban functions must adapt to meet the multiple needs of the population and is why the concept was created in the 1980s. Dupuy (1982) stated that “a smart city is one that is connected to the ICT network”. For the majority of authors, it is the one that uses and inserts new information and communication technologies into its various management processes in order to optimize the use of existing infrastructures on the basis of intelligent governance. Smart city governance aims to solve the current situation in a city that remains very opaque, both in terms of geolocation of infrastructure and interrelations between stakeholders.
With the support of the World Bank, we have begun to transform Ngaoundere into an open and intelligent city with free tools and applications such as GPS Essential, Qfield, OpenStreetMap, QGIS, Qfield, JOSM. We would like to share this experience with INTERSOL 2020 participants.
This tutorial will be scheduled to take part during the conference on 8.-9. March 2020.